E Nomel7 months ago
It depends what your definition of "success" is--it's important to look carefully at who the outcomes-- who benefits (and how)? And who is displaced? There are plenty of community planning and community cartography initiatives all over the US that successfully engage people in decision-making around development, and sometimes even have positive outcomes for residents. All of these initiatives involve on-the-ground, face-to-face community outreach and organizing to get people involved, and to make sure that equitable development at least has a chance and that people who already have barriers to participation aren't excluded. On the development side, there are, for example, affordable housing developers (like Fifth Avenue Committee or the Nehemiah Housing Development Committee in NYC) who have succesfully created housing for lower-income communities, in discussion with those communities.
Your question is a really good one--and a difficult one-- cities, developers, and residents often have very different interests and motivations where development is concerned. I would add community organizations to this equation-- they play a very important role in organizing and representing residents.