Vaccines need to be chilled to work. Student start-up Nanoly is developing nanotechnology to preserve them in communities without electricity.
Every year, 2.1 million people die from vaccine-preventable disease—and it’s no mystery why a good number go without the immunizations that could save lives. Many live off-grid without electricity—and no refrigerators to keep vaccines cold in clinics. Without being chilled between 35-45 degrees Fahrenheit (2-8 degrees Celsius), vaccines spoil and become inactive.
For want of temperature control, people are put at risk of disease and death.