The Message Of This Native American Artist Is Clear: We Demand To Be Seen

Edgar Heap of Birds’ paintings are clever and insightful messages about Native life.


Contemporary Native American artists are staying true to traditions while defying expectations of what it means to be indigenous.

In “Do Not Dance for Pay,” a recent work from acclaimed artist Edgar Heap of Birds, the title phrase appears in white letters that look as if they have been smudged on a blood red background. The statement is also a call to action from the Cheyenne artist who has commented on the issues facing indigenous people throughout his long career.

“In many instances today in Native American art, people make culture into art,” says Heap of Birds by phone from Oklahoma City, where he is based. “It exists more as art than as culture. It exists for sale in a gallery or as a dance performed.”

Heap of Birds advocates for community participation. “We need to focus on the community, the people and the traditions, not necessarily as subject matter but as actual dances, prayers, the reality of it, not the image of it,” he says.

Edgar Heap of Birds talks about his redefined signs at Pitzer College. Photo by Ted West.

The artist’s own distinguished career goes back to the late 1970s. Over the years, his work has appeared in exhibitions across the globe, including institutions like the Museum of Modern Art and esteemed events like the Venice Biennale. A survey of Heap of Birds’ work also runs at Garis & Hahn gallery in Los Angeles from Feb. 10 through March 10. He has created public art in cities across North America that has focused on both the legacy and struggles of Native Americans.

[quote position="full" is_quote="true"]Indians were always getting killed in movies and everyone thinks that they’re gone because of the media. We’ve got to really appear and make a difference and express ourselves.[/quote]

His art takes on a multitude of forms. There are the works you might see in galleries or museums — text-based drawings and prints as well as abstract paintings — that are personal in nature. Then there are his public art projects, including signs that comment on Native American issues. “My public art is more of an issue of power and authority,” he says. “We tend to believe signs and text out there in the public realm, but rarely is it dictated by Native people.”

Within Heap of Birds’ work are themes of history, identity, and justice. At Pitzer College in Southern California, Heap of Birds currently has an exhibition on display called “Defend Sacred Mountains.” The show focuses specifically on four sites, all of which are considered sacred to different groups of indigenous people. Three of the mountains — Bear’s House (aka Devils Tower) in Wyoming, Bear Butte in South Dakota, and the San Francisco Peaks range in Arizona have become tourist destinations. And Mauna Kea, Hawaii is the future site of the controversial Thirty Meter Telescope. Heap of Birds, who guest lectured on campus around the time of the opening, notes that students were often unaware of the significance and history of these places. “That’s what we’re really trying to do with that project is to teach citizens and visitors about these locations that need to be respected,” he says. “People don’t know, so it’s our duty to try and inform them about it.”

Hock E Aye VI Edgar Heap of Birds, Native Host (Povunga), 2013. Courtesy of the artist and Garis & Hahn

Heap of Birds has also spent 30 years as an educator, and while he has taught across the globe, much of his work has been in Native American Studies at the University of Oklahoma. He is set to retire in June, but for his final semester he’s teaching a course on Native American film. The day before our interview, he says, the class talked about tourism and how that influenced Hollywood westerns, which, in turn, fueled stereotypical portrayals of Native Americans. “Stereotypes were reiterated by the gaze of the white man toward the Native people and it recurred as deaths,” he says. “Indians were always getting killed in movies and everyone thinks that they’re gone because of the media.” Heap of Birds talks about the work that needs to be done to challenge the stereotypes: “We’ve got to really appear and make a difference and express ourselves,” he says — and that’s something that connects film to art. To help combat the stereotypes, Heap of Birds encourages in-person engagement with Native artists.

Three paintings by Edgar Heap of Birds. Courtesy of the artist and Garis & Hahn.

“Primarily what I advocate in every case is to meet Native people in the community, reach out, and have them come to class. My students all meet artists in the practice of art,” he explains. Heap of Birds often invites artists to visit the class. Then students write a paper on a living Native American artist whom they interview. “It’s all about face-to-face interaction and not mediated by TV or movies or even a lot of books. Can you actually go and engage these people and feel comfortable and continue to do that, continue to immerse yourself in this culture?”

That real-world interaction with indigenous communities remains part of Heap of Birds’ practice as well. He has learned from and collaborated with indigenous people in places like Australia, South Africa, and Sumatra. He asks, “Can we exist without this history of domination and find a way to enjoy our own existence with other indigenous communities, so that it’s not always being subjugated or harmed by history or the white man and always focusing only on this victimization?”

It’s not that Heap of Birds’ art reflects his culture so much that his culture is an inextricable part of his life. Although he is retiring from his university career, Heap of Birds will continue to teach as a mentor for younger members of his tribe.

“For me, the culture primarily is the underpinning, the foundation, for the life I live in Oklahoma. So, I can do anything I want to do because I’m about the community and the land, the plants,” says Heap of Birds. “If you have a solid foundation, you can explore all kinds of investigations and that’s been my privilege — to have a strong tie to the culture in my actual everyday life and not make it to be art about culture.”

via Collection of the New-York Historical Society / Wikimedia Commons

Fredrick Douglass was born into slavery in 1818. At the age of 10 he was given to the Auld family.

As a child, he worked as a house slave and was able to learn to read and write, and he attempted to teach his fellow slaves the same skills.

At the age of 15, he was given to Thomas Auld, a cruel man who beat and starved his slaves and thwarted any opportunity for them to practice their faith or to learn to read or write.

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via Thomas Ledia / Wikimedia Commons

On April 20, 1889 at the Braunau am Inn, in Upper Austria Salzburger located at Vorstadt 15, Alois and Klara Hitler brought a son into the world. They named him Adolph.

Little did they know he would grow up to be one of the greatest forces of evil the world has ever known.

The Hitlers moved out of the Braunau am Inn when Adolph was three, but the three-story butter-colored building still stands. It has been the subject of controversy for seven decades.

via Thomas Ledia / Wikimedia Commons

The building was a meeting place for Nazi loyalists in the 1930s and '40s. After World War II, the building has become an informal pilgrimage site for neo-Nazis and veterans to glorify the murderous dictator.

The building was a thorn in the side to local government and residents to say the least.

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For years it was owned by Gerlinde Pommer, a descendant of the original owners. The Austrian government made numerous attempts to purchase it from her, but to no avail. The building has served many purposes, a school, a library, and a makeshift museum.

In 1989, a stone from the building was inscribed with:

"For Peace, Freedom

and Democracy.

Never Again Fascism.

Millions of Dead Remind [us]."

via Jo Oh / Wikimedia Commons

For three decades it was home to an organization that offered support and integration assistance for disabled people. But in 2011, the organization vacated the property because Pommer refused to bring it up to code.

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In 2017, the fight between the government and Pommer ended with it seizing the property. Authorities said it would get a "thorough architectural remodeling is necessary to permanently prevent the recognition and the symbolism of the building."

Now, the government intends to turn it into a police station which will surely deter any neo-Nazis from hanging around the building.

Austria has strict anti-Nazi laws that aim to prohibit any potential Nazi revival. The laws state that anyone who denies, belittles, condones or tries to justify the Nazi genocide or other Nazi crimes against humanity shall be punished with imprisonment for one year up to ten years.

In Austria the anti-Nazi laws are so strict one can go to prison for making the Nazi hand salute or saying "Heil Hitler."

"The future use of the house by the police should send an unmistakable signal that the role of this building as a memorial to the Nazis has been permanently revoked," Austria's IInterior Minister, Wolfgang Peschorn said in a statement.

The house is set to be redesigned following an international architectural competition.

via Chela Horsdal / Twitter

Amazon's "The Man in the High Castle" debuted the first episode of its final season last week.

The show is loosely based on an alternative history novel by Philip K. Dick that postulates what would happen if Nazi Germany and the Empire of Japan controlled the United States after being victorious in World War II.

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via Mike Mozart / Flickr

Chick-fil-A is the third-largest fast food chain in America, behind McDonald's and Starbucks, raking in over $10 billion a year.

But for years, the company has faced boycotts for supporting anti-LGBT charities, including the Salvation Army, the Fellowship of Christian Athletes, and the Paul Anderson Youth Home.

The Salvation Army faced criticism after a leader in the organization implied that gay people "deserve to die" and the company also came under fire after refusing to offer same-sex couples health insurance. But the organization swears it's evolving on such issues.

via Thomas Hawk / Flickr

The Fellowship of Christian Athletes explicitly announced it was anti gay marriage in a recent "Statement of Faith."

God instituted marriage between one man and one woman as the foundation of the family and the basic structure of human society. For this reason, we believe that marriage is exclusively the union of one man and one woman.

The Paul Anderson Youth Home teaches boys that homosexuality is wrong and that same-sex marriage is "rage against Jesus Christ and His values."

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In 2012, Chick-fil-A's CEO, Dan Cathy, made anti same-sex marriage comments on a radio broadcast:

I think we are inviting God's judgment on our nation when we shake our fist at Him and say, "We know better than you as to what constitutes a marriage". I pray God's mercy on our generation that has such a prideful, arrogant attitude to think that we have the audacity to define what marriage is about.

But the chicken giant has now decided to change it's says its charitable donation strategy because it's bad for business...Not because being homophobic is wrong.

The company recently lost several bids to provide concessions in U.S. airports. A pop-up shop in England was told it would not be renewed after eight days following LGBTQ protests.

Chick-fil-A also has plans to expand to Boston, Massachusetts where its mayor, Thomas Menino, pledged to ban the restaurant from the city.

via Wikimedia Commons

"There's no question we know that, as we go into new markets, we need to be clear about who we are," Chick-fil-A President and Chief Operating Officer Tim Tassopoulos told Bisnow. "There are lots of articles and newscasts about Chick-fil-A, and we thought we needed to be clear about our message."

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Instead, the Chick-fil-A Foundation plans to give $9 million to organizations that support education and fight homelessness. Which is commendable regardless of the company's troubled past.

"If Chick-Fil-A is serious about their pledge to stop holding hands with divisive anti-LGBTQ activists, then further transparency is needed regarding their deep ties to organizations like Focus on the Family, which exist purely to harm LGBTQ people and families," Drew Anderson, GLAAD's director of campaigns and rapid response, said in a statement.

Chick-fil-A's decision to back down from contributing to anti-LGBT charities shows the power that people have to fight back against companies by hitting them where it really hurts — the pocket book.

The question remains: If you previously avoided Chick-fil-A because it supported anti-LGBT organizations, is it now OK to eat there? Especially when Popeye's chicken sandwich is so good people will kill for it?


Oh, irony. You are having quite a day.

The Italian region of Veneto, which includes the city of Venice, is currently experiencing historic flooding. Venice Mayor Luigi Brugnaro has stated that the flooding is a direct result of climate change, with the tide measuring the highest level in 50 years. The city (which is actually a collection of 100 islands in a lagoon—hence its famous canal streets), is no stranger to regular flooding, but is currently on the brink of declaring a state of emergency as waters refuse to recede.

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