GOOD

The Swedish Dictionary Adds a Gender-Neutral Pronoun to its Glossary

Linguists have finally incoporated the pronoun “hen” into the Swedish language.

Photo by Flickr user Sandra Fauconnier.

Sweden, that Scandinavian country known mostly for its fish-shaped candy and for being birthplace of IKEA, will officially be adding a gender-neutral pronoun to its dictionary come April. Members of the Swedish Academy—a Very Important Swedish institution that not only publishes two Swedish dictionaries but is also responsible for deciding annually who wins a Nobel Prize in Literature—decided this year that they will be including the gender-neutral pronoun “hen” among the 13,000 new words in the Svenska Akademiens ordlista (SAOL). The single-volume glossary is regarded as the singular authority on Swedish spelling.


While the English-speaking world drags its feet trying to decide how to implement gender-neutrality into its language, Sweden has informally embraced “hen” as part of its parlance since the 1960s. The word was originally conceived in an attempt to refine the Swedish language by linguist Hans Karlgren. Since then it has become far more politically charged, co-opted as a cause for feminist groups and then as a necessary accomodation for Sweden’s increasingly visible transgender community in the early 2000s. In 2002, the pronoun was included in the National Encyclopedia. Proponents of the term say it can be used when the gender of a person is unclear or irrelevant to the text.

Language constructs much of our reality, and gender exists because we construct it, on a daily basis, through performance as well as speech. According to SAOL’s editors, these kinds of changes can help transform our realities as much as they can help change the way we relate our realities.

"Words are always really important. This is about how one describes reality and this in turn can have different motives," said the SAOL’s editor-in-chief, Professor Sven-Göran Malmgren.

Swedish linguists hope to tackle racism in their language as well—in their new edition, they also offer alternatives to historically racist terms that refer to black people, gypsies, and Sweden’s indigenous people.

Articles
Julian Meehan

Young leaders from around the world are gathering at the United Nations Headquarters in New York Saturday to address arguably the most urgent issue of our time. The Youth Climate Summit comes on the heels of an international strike spearheaded by Greta Thunberg, the 16-year-old climate activist from Sweden, who arrived in New York via emissions-free sailboat earlier this month.

Translated from Swedish, "berg" means "mountain," so it may feel fated that a young woman with Viking blood in her veins and summit in her name would be at the helm. But let's go out on a limb and presume Thunberg, in keeping with most activists, would chafe at the notion of pre-ordained "destiny," and rightly so. Destiny is passive — it happens to you. It's also egomaniacal. Change, on the other hand, is active; you have to fight. And it is humble. "We need to get angry and understand what is at stake," Thunberg declared. "And then we need to transform that anger into action."

This new generation of activists' most pernicious enemy is denial. The people in charge — complacent politicians and corporation heads who grossly benefit from maintaining the status quo — are buffered from real-life consequences of climate change. But millions of people don't share that privilege. For them, climate change isn't an abstract concept, but a daily state of emergency, whether it comes in the form of "prolonged drought in sub-Saharan Africa…devastating tropical storms sweeping across Southeast Asia, the Caribbean and the Pacific…[or] heatwaves and wildfires," as Amnesty International reportsare all too real problems people are facing on a regular basis.

RELATED: Greta Thunberg urges people to turn to nature to combat climate change

Keep Reading Show less
The Planet

Millions of people in over 150 countries across the globe marched for lawmakers and corporations to take action to help stop climate change on Friday, September 20.

The Climate Strikes were organized by children around the world as an extension of the of the "Fridays for Future" campaign. Students have been walking out of classrooms on Fridays to speak out about political inaction surrounding the climate crisis.

"We need to act right now to stop burning fossil fuels and ensure a rapid energy revolution with equity, reparations and climate justice at its heart," organizers say.

There's no doubt the visual images from the marches send a powerful message to those on the ground but especially those watching from around the world. GOOD's own Gabriel Reilich was on the scene for the largest of the Climate Strikes. Here are 18 of the best signs from the Climate Strike march in New York City.

Keep Reading Show less

September 20th marks the beginning of a pivotal push for the future of our planet. The Global Climate Strike will set the stage for the United Nations Climate Action Summit, where more than 60 nations are expected to build upon their commitment to 2015's Paris Agreement for combating climate change.

Millions of people are expected to take part in an estimated 4,000 events across 130 countries.

Keep Reading Show less
The Planet
via Apple

When the iPhone 11 debuted on September 10, it was met with less enthusiasm than the usual iPhone release. A lot of techies are holding off purchasing the latest gadget until Apple releases a phone with 5G technology.

Major US phone carriers have yet to build out the infrastructure necessary to provide a consistent 5G experience, so Apple didn't feel it necessary to integrate the technology into its latest iPhone.

A dramatic new feature on the iPhone 11 Pro is its three camera lenses. The three lenses give users the the original wide, plus ultrawide and telephoto options.

Keep Reading Show less
Health
via I love butter / Flickr

We often dismiss our dreams as nonsensical dispatches from the mind while we're deep asleep. But recent research proves that our dreams can definitely affect our waking lives.

People often dream about their significant others and studies show it actually affects how we behave towads them the next day.

"A lot of people don't pay attention to their dreams and are unaware of the impact they have on their state of mind," said Dylan Selterman, psychology lecturer at the University of Maryland, says according to The Huffington Post. "Now we have evidence that there is this association."

Keep Reading Show less
Health