Pee Totaler Pee Totaler
Will recycling urine into drinking water solve the problem of water scarcity?On May 20, three astronauts held up silver pouches to toast a new beverage available onboard the International Space Station. The containers looked like Capri Sun, but they weren't filled with juice drink. It was water recycled from their urine.The new $154-million water recycling system-which creates a day's worth of water from urine, sweat, and exhaled air-will reduce the $12 million per year NASA hemorrhages ferrying water to the ISS. It also doubles the number of permanent crew that the ISS can support, from three to six members. "I can very easily foresee water-recycling systems on Earth," says Bob Bagdigian, project manager for NASA's Environmental Control Life Support System. "I hope that what we're doing on the space station will help demonstrate and validate the approach."Urine-recycling projects were kicked off in the late-1990s-concurrently with NASA's efforts. Orange County, California, opened its $427-million Groundwater Replenishment System in late 2007 to stop the encroachment of Pacific Ocean water on its groundwater basin, which supplies potable water to 500,000 residents from the Santa Ana River, a tributary of the Colorado. To keep the Pacific at bay, the Orange County Water District started injecting super-pure water into the basin to create a "water dam" between the brine and the groundwater. The injection stream comes from the one plentiful source the district had at its disposal: wastewater. It purifies 70 million gallons of water daily from treated sewage supplied by the local sanitation department. A primary filtration method is reverse osmosis-the same method used in desalination. Several independent audits found that the district's purified water was of higher quality than the water in the groundwater basin where it's injected.If the water is so pure, why not just send it directly to the people? Aside from a handful of natural-health proponents who claim that drinking your own urine has health benefits, there are few who are comfortable with the idea-even if the water has been cleaned. "There's a deep emotional revulsion that is counterpoised by this being good for the environment and safe," says Paul Rozin, a University of Pennsylvania psychologist who studies the emotion of disgust. Detractors of recycling systems have developed terms such as "toilet to tap" to play up the "yuck factor" with direct recycling. (The only plant that actually practices toilet-to-tap recycling is in Windhoek, Namibia, the driest African country south of the Sahara.)Orange County counteracted people's attitudes with aggressive outreach, giving hundreds of presentations to community organizations and offering samples of its recycled water. "From a public-education standpoint," advises Shivaji Deshmukh of the Orange County Water Distict, "make sure you don't hide anything and you start early." Today, Singapore and cities in Australia, as well as Los Angeles and San Diego (both cities that recently caved to public dissent on recycling systems) are developing reclamation.These plans can be a key component of any plan to combat water scarcity. So it's a good thing that most people Rozin has surveyed accept it as a cost of civilization. For those whose disgust persists, Deshmukh offers this reminder: "Most of the water we use has been recycled. In Southern California, five or six states have used (and put back) water from the Colorado River before we ever get to it."
A High School Runner Helped A Struggling Marathoner Cross The Finish Line With This Kind Act The young runner’s help was legal and had a profound effect on the outcome of the race.
Congress Is Preparing To Tackle The Higher Education Act. Here’s What It Could Mean For You Congress is preparing to reauthorize the Higher Education Act in 2018 and it could mean big changes to the federal student aid program.
Sony Looks To Improve Data Management At Universities Through Blockchain Technology The blockchain is going to school.
Toronto Wins First MLS Championship And Builds Opportunity for Youth in Toronto The youth program will provide clinics, equipment, apparel, and indoor facilities during the winter.
All It Took Was A Fist Bump From Cam Newton To Send This Young Fan Over The Moon When was the last time you jumped up and down with glee?
70 Oregon Football Players Banded Together To Keep Their New Coach From Being Fired Breaking news: The act of support worked.
Hockey Legend Cam Neely on Youth Sports, Leadership, And Giving Back To The Cancer Community The Bizarre Circumstances That Led To A 102-0 Girls Basketball Blowout Colin Kaepernick Pledges To Fight Injustice ‘With Or Without The NFL’s Platform’ Education Isn't A Constitutional Right, But It Should Be Four Ways Youth Sports Can Combat Racism The Seahawks Coach Recruited Neil DeGrasse Tyson To Prove His QB's Pass Was Legal Random Act Of Sports: This Man Doesn’t Let A Parking Boot Keep Him From Making His Flight College Is Supposed To Help You Get A Leg Up In Life. So Why Do These Students Have To Go On Food Stamps? Watch: 7-Year-Old Female Basketball Phenom Electrifies In New Short Film The Stubborn Pontiac Silverdome Refused To Collapse During Its Scheduled Demolition Leonard Fournette Shoots A Free Throw In The Jaguars’ Epic Touchdown Celebration Cheerleader's Routine Looks Like She's Actually Using Magic
Call Us Crazy, But Good Matters This is a content series sponsored by Organic Valley, a cooperative of over 2,000 small family farmers who produce dairy, eggs and produce in a way that's good for animals, people and the planet. The Long Game The Long Game is a collaboration with Hennessy, exploring the impact, benefits, and risks of long-term thinking. What would it look like if our leaders in business, science, politics, and society were willing to risk short-term gratification for long-term social progress? Issue 36: The 2016 GOOD 100 Meet the remarkable individuals tackling pressing global issues today The GOOD Guide to Recycling The objects we discard aren’t trash. They’re a resource. The Local Globalists Meet 17 innovators who are changing our future for the better. Project Literacy Bringing the Power of Words to the World #ProjectLiteracy