Chewing the Fat

In 2006, Chicago became the first city in the United States to ban foie gras. Last May, the ban was overturned. Still, foie-the fatty liver of geese and ducks traditionally enhanced by gavage, force-feeding the bird copious amounts of corn through a metal tube-is the center of a debate between animal-rights..

In 2006, Chicago became the first city in the United States to ban foie gras. Last May, the ban was overturned. Still, foie-the fatty liver of geese and ducks traditionally enhanced by gavage, force-feeding the bird copious amounts of corn through a metal tube-is the center of a debate between animal-rights activists outraged at the practice's cruelty and the many chefs and gourmands who are miffed that their liver might be taken away. But now farmers are finding ways to fatten a liver in more bird-friendly ways.GOOD accompanied the celebrated chef Dan Barber (who doesn't serve foie in either of his New York restaurants) to Spain to taste a new version of the dish. It's made by letting geese forage naturally and has been the talk of the foie gras world. But could the taste deliver? We pitted it against two domestic humane foies to find out. -LISA ABENDAt Pateria de Sousa in western Spain, Eduardo de Sousa raises geese for foie without gavage. His geese spend their lives uncaged and foraging freely for olives, figs, and acorns. De Sousa supplements the natural fattening process with corn in the winter, but doesn't force-feed them. Because his livers aren't as big as regular foie, many French producers don't think it's legitimate.Barber: "It's really extraordinary. [De Sousa's] foie, it could be argued, is not ‘good' because it doesn't conform to our understanding of what we think is delicious foie gras. He's not just making us rethink how foie gras can be produced, he's making us rethink how foie gras should taste."$120 for a jar of cooked goose liver; ibergour.comHudson Valley Foie Gras is the largest producer of duck foie gras in the United States, but it still works on a much smaller scale than many producers in France, and although it practices traditional gavage, the ducks aren't caged and are fed by hand.Barber: "Duck foie isn't as silky as goose. But when I roasted or sautéed, it I noticed I didn't lose nearly so much fat. Because of that, it puffs up like a soufflé, and becomes light as a cloud."$71.50 for a whole fresh duck liver; hudsonvalleyfoiegras.comBrock Farms uses a method developed in Hungary that employs a rubber tube for the gavage instead of a metal one, and forgoes the usual air blaster. "In the first year, we didn't kill a single goose. My birds don't run away from the feeder," says owner Tom Brock. From his farm in Southern California, he now produces the only goose foie made in the United States, supplying chefs like Thomas Keller of French Laundry, in the Napa Valley.Barber:By special order only; info[at]freshgoosefoiegras[dot]com

Where Things Stand

United StatesIn addition to the overturned Chicago ban, unsuccessful legislation has been introduced in New York, Philadelphia, Connecticut, and New Jersey. California recently passed a law that, in 2012, will ban all production and sale of foie gras produced through force-feeding.EuropeFrance (the world's largest producer-some 18,000 tons in 2005-and consumer of foie gras) has declared the dish to be part of its "cultural and gastronomic patrimony." In 1998, the European Union came out against a ban; however, force-feeding is explicitly illegal in Germany, Italy, Poland, the Czech Republic, andseveral other countries.Israel Although the country was once the world's leading exporter of goose foie gras, it banned force-feeding in 2003.
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The problem with American Sign Language (ASL) is that over 500,000 people in the U.S. use it, but the country has over 330 million people.

So for those with hearing loss, the chances of coming into contact with someone who uses the language are rare. Especially outside of the deaf community.

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Looking back, the year 1995 seems like such an innocent time. America was in the midst of its longest streak of peace and prosperity. September 11, 2001 was six years away, and the internet didn't seem like much more than a passing fad.

Twenty-four years ago, 18 million U.S. homes had modem-equipped computers, 7 million more than the year before. Most logged in through America Online where they got their email or communicated with random strangers in chat rooms.

According to a Pew Research study that year, only 32% of those who go online say they would miss it "a lot" if no longer available.

Imagine what those poll numbers would look like if the question was asked today.

RELATED: Bill and Melinda Gates had a surprising answer when asked about a 70 percent tax on the wealthiest Americans

"Few see online activities as essential to them, and no single online feature, with the exception of E-Mail, is used with any regularity," the Pew article said. "Consumers have yet to begin purchasing goods and services online, and there is little indication that online news features are changing traditional news consumption patterns."

"Late Night" host David Letterman had Microsoft founder and, at that time the richest man in the world, on his show for an interview in '95 to discuss the "the big new thing."

During the interview Letterman chided Gates about the usefulness of the new technology, comparing it to radio and tape recorders.

Gates seems excited by the internet because it will soon allow people to listen to a baseball game on their computer. To which Letterman smugly replies, "Does radio ring a bell?" to laughter from the crowd.

But Gates presses Letterman saying that the new technology allows you to listen to the game "whenever you want," to which Letterman responds, "Do tape recorders ring a bell?"

Gates then tells Letterman he can keep up with the latest in his favorite hobbies such as cigar smoking or race cars through the internet. Letterman shuts him down saying that he reads about his interests in magazines.

RELATED: Bill Gates has five books he thinks you should read this summer.

The discussion ends with the two laughing over meeting like-minded people in "troubled loner chat room on the internet."

The clip brings to mind a 1994 segment on "The Today Show" where host Bryant Gumbel and Katie Couric have a similar discussion.

"What is internet anyway?" an exasperated Gumball asks. "What do you write to it like mail?"

"It's a computer billboard but it's nationwide and it's several universities all joined together and it's getting bigger and bigger all the time," a producer explains from off-stage.

Photo by Li-An Lim on Unsplash

The future generations will have to live on this Earth for years to come, and, not surprisingly, they're very concerned about the fate of our planet. We've seen a rise in youth activists, such as Greta Thunberg, who are raising awareness for climate change. A recent survey indicates that those efforts are working, as more and more Americans (especially young Americans) feel concerned about climate change.

A new CBS News poll found that 70% of Americans between 18 and 29 feel climate change is a crisis or a serious problem, while 58% of Americans over the age of 65 share those beliefs. Additionally, younger generations are more likely to feel like it's their personal responsibility to address climate change, as well as think that transitioning to 100% renewable energy is viable. Overall, 25% of Americans feel that climate change is a "crisis," and 35% feel it is a "serious problem." 10% of Americans said they think climate change is a minor problem, and 16% of Americans feel it is not a problem that worries them.

The poll found that concern for the environment isn't a partisan issue – or at least when it comes to younger generations. Two-thirds of Republicans under the age of 45 feel that addressing climate change is their duty, sentiments shared by only 38% of Republicans over the age of 45.

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