Love Songs for the Censors

K-pop’s sugary conservatism is making it possible for Middle Eastern youth to tap into its most anarchic, adolescent passions.

In a western area of Istanbul, about a hundred Turkish girls and a couple of Turkish boys file into the auditorium of the Bagcilar Family and Culture Community Center. A nervous teenage boy takes to the stage, accompanied by a girl of the same age who looks considerably more confident under the spotlight. When the two begin belting lyrics in Korean, the room bursts into encouraging applause. Their song choice is “Because of My Love,” a saccharine duet by the Korean pop stars Ruvina and Han Eun Ji. The crowd pulses in utter delight.

The event was organized by, Turkey’s premier source for all things Korean. With over 61,000 registered users and more than 2 million messages posted to their forums since 2012, the site serves as the largest virtual meeting place for the improbable Korean cultural craze now going on in Turkey. It is largely a product of the “Hallyu” (Korean Wave), an expression first coined by Chinese journalists to describe the massive increase in popularity of South Korean cultural products over the past 10 years. Fueled by a strategic effort by the South Korean government to fend off the encroachment of Japanese culture and bolster the South Korean economy, the nation’s pop music and soap operas (K-pop and K-drama) have found a particularly ardent fan base in Turkey, where veritable communities have arisen in the form of K-drama fan clubs, K-pop music groups, and websites like

The Hallyu arrived in Turkey when TRT, a government-owned TV station, began running episodes of “A Jewel in the Palace,” a wildly popular Korean soap opera set in the 15th century, about a kitchen cook who becomes the king’s first female doctor. Like many of its kind, the drama explores themes of class mobility and forbidden love. Heartbreak and romantic reconciliation are usually major plot points of all K-dramas.

These themes also pervade the lyrics of K-pop music, which taps into the mercurial passions of adolescence to maximum effect, with universal narratives about love, relationships, and belonging. In the K-drama and K-pop universe, princes commonly fall in love with paupers.

On the forums, young Turks speculate about potential plot lines and obsess over cast pairings. The site also releases a monthly e-magazine, Dong-Yul, which not only includes gossip about the cast members but also Korea-related news items. The magazine is written entirely in Turkish. A cadre of volunteer enthusiasts moderates the site. Among them is Begum Han, a 21-year old former university student. Han has been a rabid consumer of Korean culture ever since she watched Korean dramas like “I Hear Your Voice” and “Secret Garden.” She recently dropped out of school to work for Turkish Airlines, where she will be a cabin attendant on flights to and from Korea. She made the career move so she could visit Korea on a regular basis.

[quote position="full" is_quote="true"]On the forums, young Turks speculate about potential plot lines and obsess over cast pairings.[/quote]

“I want to learn a little bit. I have Korean friends, and I want to communicate with them a bit more clearly,” she says. Like many international K-drama fans, Han has picked up Korean phrases from watching Korean soap operas, and she’s used her elementary language skills to connect with K-drama and K-pop fans in Korea.

Gülizar Yilidirim, 18, has also learned to speak Korean from watching K-dramas.

“I have been watching Korean dramas for five or six years, so I’ve learned to speak some things,” she says.

Yilidirim remembers first falling in love with K-dramas after watching “My Girl,” a soap opera that first aired in 2005. Part of what makes these shows so accommodating to Yilidirim and other Turkish K-drama fans is their distinctly chaste depictions of teenage romance with very few physical expressions of love. A K-drama couple may go through a whole season without ever having kissed.

“In Turkish dramas, there are a lot of kissing scenes and a lot of bad scenes. In American dramas, too. But not in Korean dramas; it’s not like that,” said Yilidirim.

This makes Korean dramas easy to air for many Middle Eastern TV stations, many of which restrict images considered obscene or sexually provocative. It also allows local audiences to indulge their desire for sentimental dramas without violating any moral codes.

“I heard that Korean people don’t like Korean drama much because ‘It’s all about love stories!’” says 21-year old Merve Savun. “But I love love stories!”

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