Meet The Women Making History In The NFL

Kathryn Smith and Sarah Thomas are two names you need to know

While the National Football League celebrated its 95th birthday on Saturday, the Bills-Giants preseason matchup in Buffalo made history. For the first time in the league’s existence, the game employed both a female coach and a female referee.

Kathryn Smith, the Bills’ special teams quality control coach, was promoted by the team in January after working as head coach Rex Ryan’s administrative assistant. Sarah Thomas, working as the line judge during the Bills’ 21-0 win on Saturday, is entering her second season as an official. Both are the first woman to hold their respective jobs.

Though still a rare sight in America’s Big Three professional sports (NFL, NBA, MLB), Thomas and Smith’s matchup on Saturday reflects a growing trend. Last year, the Arizona Cardinals hired longtime women’s league player Jen Welter as an inside linebackers coach during training camp, and two summers ago, Spurs assistant coach Becky Hammon became the NBA’s first full-time female assistant. On the officiating side, the NBA hired its third female referee, Lauren Holtkamp, in 2014.

Perhaps just as importantly, high-ranking women are rising in at least six NFL front offices, and five of the league’s franchises are owned or co-owned by women, including the Bills. Kim Pegula bought the team in 2014 with her husband Terry (beating out, among other bidders, noted misogynist Donald Trump). “While we understand the significance of [Smith’s] hire,” Kim Pegula said in January, “Kathryn earned this position.”


McDonalds sells a lot of coffee. Over a billion cups a year, to be exact. All that coffee leads to a lot of productive mornings, but it also leads to a lot of waste. Each year, millions of pounds of coffee chaff (the skin of the coffee beans that comes off during roasting) ends up getting turned into mulch. Some coffee chaff just gets burned, leading to an increase in CO2.

Now, that chaff is going to get turned into car parts. Ford is incorporating coffee chaff from McDonalds coffee into the headlamps of some cars. Ford has been using plastic and talc to make its headlamps, but this new process will reduce the reliance on talc, a non-renewable mineral. The chaff is heated to high temperatures under low oxygen and mixed with plastic and other additives. The bioplastic can then be formed into shapes.

Keep Reading Show less

For over 20 years, our country has perceived itself as more divided than united, and it's not getting better. Right after the 2016 election, a poll conducted by Gallup found that 77% of Americans felt the country was divided on the most important values, a record high.

The percentage of Americans who agree that we disagree got higher. During the 2018 mid-term elections, a poll conducted by NBC News/Wall Street Journal found that 80% of Americans felt the nation was "mainly" or "totally" divided.

We head into the 2020 presidential election more divided than ever. A new poll from USA Today found that nine out of ten respondents felt it was important to do something about the conflict in our country. We can't keep on living like this forever.

Keep Reading Show less
via Honor Africans / Twitter

The problem with American Sign Language (ASL) is that over 500,000 people in the U.S. use it, but the country has over 330 million people.

So for those with hearing loss, the chances of coming into contact with someone who uses the language are rare. Especially outside of the deaf community.

Keep Reading Show less