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Science Finds Men And Women Quite Literally See The World Differently

A study has discovered every person has a “signature” way of looking at things.

It’s long been contended that men and women have different perspectives on the world, be it from nature or the societies and cultures their people. A recent study suggests that the ability to “see the world” isn’t just based on psychological or sociological factors. Men and women actually visualize what they observe in different manners.

In November 2016, a study was published in the Journal of Vision by biologists at Queen Mary University of London that shows eye contact and eye scanning are both so distinct between men and women that they were able to determine the subject’s sex correctly 80% of the time based just on those actions.


In the study, 400 subjects participated in sessions of 15 minutes each, staring at an actor or actress’s face. The researchers would then observe the movement patterns, eye contact, and scanning techniques used by the subjects. Upon the conclusion of their observations, the differences between the sexes were abundantly clear.

Women tended to focus on the left side of the face presented to them and tended to rely far more on their left eye, especially when looking at a woman’s face. They were also more likely to scan the entirety of the face than men were.

This interesting (and a little disturbing, out of context) graphic shows how the visualization tendencies prevail among men and women:

Image via Journal of Vision.

While the study offers lots of new data to analyze, even the researchers are left with more questions than answers at this point. The study’s lead author, Dr. Antoine Coutrotto, told Huffington Post, “Since the right hemisphere is fed by the left visual field, this could explain why people are biased toward the left when looking at faces. Then, why this bias is even stronger for women? The truth is we don’t really know yet.”

Despite the new unknowns, the strides made with this study are already profoundly important. Until now, scientists believed that men and women followed a universally consistent method of face exploration. Now, it’s clear that every person has their very own “signature” way of evaluating a face.

While this is fascinating information on its own, the applications of this new eye movement data can extend to diagnosing and treating conditions such as ADHD and autism as well.

“A very promising line of studies is gaze-based disease screening,” Coutrout said. “Some disorders, like dementia or autism, lead to quantifiable alterations of eye movement behavior. Hence, gaze can be used as an objective, inexpensive and rapid tool for disease screening.”

On a similar note, some people are completely incapable of recognizing or remembering faces at all. It’s a condition known as facial blindness, and you can read more about the fascinating condition here.

Health
via Honor Africans / Twitter

The problem with American Sign Language (ASL) is that over 500,000 people in the U.S. use it, but the country has over 330 million people.

So for those with hearing loss, the chances of coming into contact with someone who uses the language are rare. Especially outside of the deaf community.

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Looking back, the year 1995 seems like such an innocent time. America was in the midst of its longest streak of peace and prosperity. September 11, 2001 was six years away, and the internet didn't seem like much more than a passing fad.

Twenty-four years ago, 18 million U.S. homes had modem-equipped computers, 7 million more than the year before. Most logged in through America Online where they got their email or communicated with random strangers in chat rooms.

According to a Pew Research study that year, only 32% of those who go online say they would miss it "a lot" if no longer available.

Imagine what those poll numbers would look like if the question was asked today.

RELATED: Bill and Melinda Gates had a surprising answer when asked about a 70 percent tax on the wealthiest Americans

"Few see online activities as essential to them, and no single online feature, with the exception of E-Mail, is used with any regularity," the Pew article said. "Consumers have yet to begin purchasing goods and services online, and there is little indication that online news features are changing traditional news consumption patterns."

"Late Night" host David Letterman had Microsoft founder and, at that time the richest man in the world, on his show for an interview in '95 to discuss the "the big new thing."

During the interview Letterman chided Gates about the usefulness of the new technology, comparing it to radio and tape recorders.

Gates seems excited by the internet because it will soon allow people to listen to a baseball game on their computer. To which Letterman smugly replies, "Does radio ring a bell?" to laughter from the crowd.

But Gates presses Letterman saying that the new technology allows you to listen to the game "whenever you want," to which Letterman responds, "Do tape recorders ring a bell?"

Gates then tells Letterman he can keep up with the latest in his favorite hobbies such as cigar smoking or race cars through the internet. Letterman shuts him down saying that he reads about his interests in magazines.

RELATED: Bill Gates has five books he thinks you should read this summer.

The discussion ends with the two laughing over meeting like-minded people in "troubled loner chat room on the internet."

The clip brings to mind a 1994 segment on "The Today Show" where host Bryant Gumbel and Katie Couric have a similar discussion.

"What is internet anyway?" an exasperated Gumball asks. "What do you write to it like mail?"

"It's a computer billboard but it's nationwide and it's several universities all joined together and it's getting bigger and bigger all the time," a producer explains from off-stage.





Culture
Photo by Li-An Lim on Unsplash

The future generations will have to live on this Earth for years to come, and, not surprisingly, they're very concerned about the fate of our planet. We've seen a rise in youth activists, such as Greta Thunberg, who are raising awareness for climate change. A recent survey indicates that those efforts are working, as more and more Americans (especially young Americans) feel concerned about climate change.

A new CBS News poll found that 70% of Americans between 18 and 29 feel climate change is a crisis or a serious problem, while 58% of Americans over the age of 65 share those beliefs. Additionally, younger generations are more likely to feel like it's their personal responsibility to address climate change, as well as think that transitioning to 100% renewable energy is viable. Overall, 25% of Americans feel that climate change is a "crisis," and 35% feel it is a "serious problem." 10% of Americans said they think climate change is a minor problem, and 16% of Americans feel it is not a problem that worries them.

The poll found that concern for the environment isn't a partisan issue – or at least when it comes to younger generations. Two-thirds of Republicans under the age of 45 feel that addressing climate change is their duty, sentiments shared by only 38% of Republicans over the age of 45.

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